What is warfarin?
Warfarin belongs to a class of medications known as anticoagulograms that reduce the ability of blood to form blood clots in blood vessels. You must take warfarin correctly, with all the necessary precautions, strictly following the instructions and advice of the doctor.
You must understand why you are taking this medicine and follow all the doctor’s recommendations.
The body works normally if the blood circulates freely in the vessels. Blood clots that interfere with its normal flow are called trombs. Warfarin slows the formation of blood clots. Blood clots can form anywhere in the body. During the normal functioning of the blood coagulation system, only when a blood vessel is damaged, a small blood clot is formed. Nevertheless, if blood clots form in the bloodstream spontaneously, it means that something is broken in the coagulation system. The formation of blood clots is called thrombosis or thromboembolism.
Who needs to take warfarin?
They are patients who need treatment and prevention of thrombosis and embolism of blood vessels, including:
– heart valve disease;
– prosthetic heart valves or blood vessels;
– acute venous thrombosis (phlebothrombosis) and pulmonary embolism (in combination with heparin);
– Myocardial Infarction;
– during surgical or thrombolytic treatment of thrombosis;
– during electrical cardioversion of atrial fibrillation (as an additional therapy);
– congenital diseases accompanied by pathological thrombosis.
What should be the diet for taking warfarin?
The source of carbohydrates is cereals boiled in water, as well as whole grain pasta. Pasta should be made from plain wheat, without additives like seaweed or spinach. Boiled potatoes, crackers from rye bread and low-calorie bread, which do not contain vitamin and mineral supplements, are also allowed.
Nutrition when taking warfarin involves daily consumption of fiber-rich foods. This is primarily fresh fruits, vegetables, and herbs. Fruits are preferably sweet. If you like all kinds of desserts, choose those that do not contain coconut oil, cocoa powder or chocolate.
An ideal source of protein is low-fat fish, rabbit meat and poultry. It is better to cook or steam meat, previously removing visible fat. You can also cook on the grill, but in the composition of sauces, there should be no seasoning and oil. One chicken egg per day is also allowed. It can be soft-boiled, hard-boiled or baked.
As for low-fat dairy products, they can be in your diet in almost any quantity. Fats are better to choose plant origin. Ideally, they should be natural unrefined oils. Unsalted butter is also allowed in very small quantities.
Another rule of such a diet is to observe a fractional nutrition system. Every day you should get 5-6 meals. It is better, of course, that the diet is stable. That is, breakfasts, lunches, dinners, and snacks should be every day at a specific time. The recommended interval between all meals is 3 hours. Servings should be very small – no more than 400 grams can be eaten.
Avoid natural coffee and alcohol.
Warfarin Diet: Prohibited Food List
When taking Warfarin a diet will exclude many foods that were previously a familiar part of your daily diet. In particular, we are talking about all pastries and flour products. Puff pastry and any products and dishes prepared from it are prohibited. Cakes, cookies, and biscuits should be completely excluded. You will also have to forget about chocolate.
You can’t eat meat products like sausages, canned goods, etc. Fatty meats are also prohibited. Soups can be prepared only on water, chicken or vegetable broths – mushroom, meat, and fish are prohibited.
All cheeses are excluded, except ricotta with a fat content of up to 5%.
It is prohibited pickled vegetables and all legumes.
Prohibited vegetables and fruits:
• White cabbage;
• citrus fruits;
• sour apples.
As for drinks, milkshakes, which contain a lot of fat and sugar, as well as instant coffee, cocoa and natural coffee, are prohibited too.
It is forbidden to add fatty or dry cream to tea. However, in any case, it is possible to observe such a diet only according to the doctor’s prescription – in any case, it is impossible to prescribe yourself a medical diet.