The famous politician was forced to use surgical intervention for weight loss. Stomach-reduction is a serious operation, but at the same time, it helps to lose the weight of many people. In this article, we suggest you learn more about the benefits and risks of this procedure.
Gastric bypass surgery is a bariatric surgical procedure to reduce weight. In this case, the stomach is divided into a small (gastric sac, 15-25 ml) and a large part. The gastric sac can take a very small amount of food after that occurs fast saturation. A small intestine is bypassed, so that digestive juices from the gallbladder and pancreas are found with food much later.
These operations are used to help people with obesity problems to lose weight, as well as get rid of some health problems, including:
• Gastroesophageal reflux disease
• Heart diseases
• Hypertonic disease
• Type 2 diabetes
When is gastric bypass surgery required?
Bariatric surgery is applied when the conservative treatment of obesity is ineffective. Conservative therapy refers to nutrition, exercise and lifestyle changes, possibly also psychological therapy.
The indication for surgical treatment is usually the BMI (body mass index) of patients. Thus, with the ineffectiveness of conservative therapy and diseases such as diabetes and hypertension, surgical treatment options should be considered.
There is no standard surgical treatment that is suitable for all patients. Therefore, it is necessary to draw up an individual treatment plan. The choice of surgery option depends in particular on BMI, age, gender, and associated diseases.
Benefits of gastric bypass surgery
45% of all procedures in surgery for obesity are the so-called “gastric bypass surgery” or ” Ру -Y gastric bypass surgery.” This surgical procedure combines two methods of weight loss.
The amount of food that can be taken at one time, as well as the degree of assimilation of the food eaten, is reduced. The stomach decreases during this operation by 15-25 ml of a large “residual” stomach, and the path of food passage is changed according to the Ру -Y technique, so that food and digestive juices are mixed in the middle part of the small intestine.
With later contact of food and digestive juices, nutrients are absorbed only by part of the intestine. The rest of the nutrients are excreted in the feces. This method of gastric bypass surgery leads to a loss of 60-70% of excess weight.
Approximately 80% of obese patients with gastric bypass surgery have a remission (regression) of diabetes mellitus caused by obesity, which means a significant reduction in the risk of mortality. Intensive weight loss significantly improves the quality of life of the operated person.
Disadvantages of gastric bypass surgery
After surgery, overweight people may develop the so-called “dumping syndrome.” There are pros and cons here. In this case, the body cannot tolerate foods high in sugar or fat. As a result, these foods cause nausea, dizziness, and diarrhea. Although for effective weight loss, such foods should be avoided in any case.
Gastric bypass surgery is a more risky procedure than other bariatric surgical methods, such as bandaging the stomach. Visualization of the rest of the stomach in connection with bypassing the digestive tract is no longer possible. If despite shunting, weight gain occurs, further surgical options are very limited or expensive.
For the prevention of vitamin deficiency diseases throughout life, subsequent monitoring by experienced doctors and experts in the field of proper nutrition is necessary. Before and after surgery, it is recommended to consult a dietitian.
We hope this article has helped you understand this topic a bit better. Have you had such an experience?